Chelwood, Pensford, Publow, Somerset – Bristol directory 1871
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ADJACENT VILLAGES ON THE SOMERSET SIDE OF BRISTOL
Mathews’ Bristol Street Directory 1871
Chelwood is a small village and civil parish within the Chew Valley in North Somerset about 8 miles (13 km) from Bristol and Bath. The parish has a population of 148.
The village formed part of two holdings, known as East and West Chelwood. Both sides were originally owned by the Earl of Warwick’s estate, but East Chelwood passed to the Popham family, where it remained into the early 20th century. Chelwood is one of the nine Thankful Villages in Somerset where all the men returned from the First World War; four went and four returned.
Chelwood House was built in the valley of the river Chew in 1681 as a Dower house, and sits in 1.3-acre (5,300 m2) gardens. The property is a Grade II listed building.
Chelwood includes several other Grade II listed buildings: Church Farmhouse, Malt House Farmhouse, Old School House, Park Farmhouse, Wall and railings about 5 metres north-east of Old School House, Withydale and attached house.
St Leonard’s church was nearly all built around 1850, but two corbel-heads of the nave arcade are said to be 13th-century. The font is Norman with tiny volutes at the edges and a top frieze of something like lambrequins. The stained glass has various 16th-century Flemish bits in the south aisle window. The tower contains a bell dating from 1773 and made by Abraham Bilbie of the Bilbie family. It has been designated by English Heritage as a Grade II* listed building.
Somerset Record Office
List of Baptisms (1603-1908) in St. Leonard, Chelwood, Somerset
List of Burials (1611-1908) St. Leonard, Chelwood, Somerset
List of Marriages (1611-1908) St. Leonard, Chelwood, Somerset
An 1861 Ordnance survey map of Chelwood
The village where time has stood still
EQUALLY distant from both Bristol and Bath – it’s seven or eight miles as the crow flies – lies the small village of Chelwood.
And with only 42 houses and a population of just 153 – statistics which haven’t changed much in 200 years – it really is small.
According to historians, the Domesday Book entry of Cellwert (later Celeworda, Celleweit and Chelworth) means nothing more exciting than "a well watered hill farm".
But the village does get a rare mention in Saxon times, in 925 AD in fact, when Robert le Bok was acquitted of arson in connection with a house belonging to a John de Kylkenny.
Under its Norman lords, the land was divided into East and West Chelwood, with the latter belonging to the king.
The East later passed into the ownership of the Popham family, who had a home at nearby Hunstrete House until the 19th century.
The West, however, became the property of the Earls of Warwick – absentee landlords until all their farms and land were sold off in 1920.
A Grade II listed building, Chelwood House was built as a Dower House in 1681 but is now available for special occasion "party weekends"
Other historic buildings, well worth seeking out, include Church Farmhouse, Malt House Farmhouse, the Old School House (the school closed in 1925) and Park Farmhouse.
The parish church of St Leonard’s was re-built in Victorian times but the font is Norman and two corbel-heads in the nave are said to date back to the 13th or 14th century.
Sixteenth century Flemish glass can be seen in the south aisle.
Rebuilt in 1772, the tower contains a surviving bell made by the Bilbie family of Chew Stoke.
At the end of World War One, the four villagers who had enlisted all came home making Chelwood one of Somerset’s so called "Thankful Villages".
Well known to anglers, and noted for its carp and tench, is nearby Hunstrete Lake.
Two brand new lakes, complete with newly planted woodland, were constructed here in the 1990s.
As well as swans and ducks this stretch of water is also a breeding site for the Great Crested Grebe and a number of bat species.
Covering some five acres, and surrounded by mature woodland it’s well worth having a look around.
A delightful ramble will take you into bluebell filled Lord’s Wood and eventually down to the historic Chew Valley villages of Woollard, Publow and Pensford.
Chelwood bridge – no more except in name – once carried the A37 Wells road and the A368 to Bath over the long gone, but fondly remembered, North Somerset Railway.
Atkins Lionel, post office (information needed)
Heath William, shoe maker (information needed)
Higgins J. farmer (information needed)
Lawrence Frederick, Whitley Court www.english-heritage.org.uk/daysout/properties/witley-cou…
Osborne William, Park farm (information needed)
Popham General, Houndstreet Park (see Somerset Record Office)
Sherborne Henry, farmer (information needed)
Tyler Rev. rectory, St Leonard’s church (see above)
Wilkins Daniel, vict, Bull Inn (information needed)
Williams Henry, Chelwood House (see above)
Wookey George, farmer (died 73 years, 30 Dec 1893)
Wookey James, farmer (information needed)
Wookey William, Witley batch (information needed)
Witley John, farmer (information needed)
Pensford is the largest village in the civil parish of Publow with Pensford in Somerset, England. It lies in the Chew Valley 7 miles (11 km) south of Bristol and 8 miles (13 km) west of Bath. It is on the A37 road from Bristol to Shepton Mallet.
During the 19th and 20th centuries the main industry was coal mining, with Pensford and the surrounding area forming a major part of the Somerset coalfield. Pensford colliery opened in 1909 and closed in 1955.
The opening of the Bristol and North Somerset railway in the late 19th century had a dramatic effect on the village.
St Thomas, Pensford, baptisms 1605-1901 wsom-opc.org.uk/assets/components/opc_database/BaptismReg…
St Thomas, Pensford, burials 1605-1902 wsom-opc.org.uk/assets/components/opc_database/BurialRegi…
St Thomas, Pensford, marriages 1606-1904 wsom-opc.org.uk/assets/components/opc_database/MarriageRe…
Somerset Record Office www1.somerset.gov.uk/archives/
Andrews William Nelson,. stone cutter thisismyfamilyhistory.com/getperson.php?personID=P205&…
Allen William, tailor www.westerndailypress.co.uk/Ancestor-hoping-piece-family-…
Butler Henry, farmer, Guy’s farm, Publow www.thebishopsonline.co.uk/Butlers/716.htm
Button Mary, vict, King’s Arms Between his second marriage in October 1839 and the 1841 census James BUTTON took this house over and he was still there on the 1851 census. He died in 1855 and his widow Mary BUTTON, nee DUNNING took over the pub. Census returns show her as innkeeper and licensed victualler in 1861 and 1871 respectively. She died in 1872.
Carpenter James, shoemaker roydhouse.net/family.php?famid=F789&ged=Roydhouse
Chappell George, baker (information needed)
Burial 21 Dec 1862 CHAPPLE George John, Pensford
Burial 15 Dec 1867 CHAPPLE Eliza Jane, Pensford
Cox William, carpenter (William Cox and Thomas Player of Pensford timber merchants, see below)
Davls Henry, farmer, Leigh farm visitbath.co.uk/accommodation/leigh-farm-p8221
Derrlck ?. farmer, Publow (John DERRICK (1806 Publow, Som) marr 1833 Hannah Lasbury COLE (1810-1844)
Flower George, Butt’s farm (Parsonage Lane, Pensford)
Flower James, saddler and harness maker (James FLOWER b. 1788 Pensford, SOM. Married Joanna BUTCHER 1804. Their children were: John b. 1804, Maria b. 1806, Francis James b. 1808, Ann b. 1810, Daniel b. 1812, James b. 1814, Caroline b. 1816, George Thomas b. 1818, Melinda b. 1824, Richmond b.? All children born Publow & christened in Pensford, Somerset.)
Flower John, farmer thisismyfamilyhistory.com/getperson.php?personID=P620&…
Higgins James, smith (James Higgins, Blacksmith. Details from the Pigot & Co’s Royal National and Commercial Directory published June 1844. Address given as Pensford, Somersetshire, England) www.bittonfamilies.com/DescendThompsonJohn.html
Hodder James, grocer (information needed)
Hodges Elia, vict, Popham’s Arms (Publow? information needed)
Hodges James, vict, George and Dragon (The George and Dragon Inn was a stop for stage coaches on the Bristol -Wells road when the High Street was the main road. It bears the date 1752.)
King William, huckster (information needed)
Burial 19 Sep 1819 KING Charlotte, Pensford
Burial 25 Feb 1855 KING Jane, Pensford
Burial 17 Apr 1864 KING Samuel, Pensford
Burial 25 Feb 1879 KING Charles, Pensford
Longman Joseph, vict, Lord Nelson Old Street, Pensford. (Listed in 1881 Longman Joseph, 58 yrs, Beer House Keeper & Butcher, born Thornbury, Gloucestershire and Longman Elizabeth, wife, 57 yrs, Beer House Keeper & Butcher, born Pensford, Somerset.
Lee Hendry, grocer, & asslstant overseer (Father William Lee, wife Sarah nee Hathway)
Burial 30 Dec 1872 LEE Sarah, Pensford
Burial 24 Feb 1888 LEE Henry, Pensford
Norris Henry, farmer and dealer (information needed)
Narracott Alex. grocer and draper (Publow? information needed)
Orledge James, miller wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=pj…
Player Thomas, surveyor (see William Cox above)
Pointing Mrs. post office (Ann Pointing (Adlam) 1803-1891 aged 88 Post Mistress Pensford. (name sometimes spelt Poynting. Ann Adlam married John Bince Pointing at Compton Dando in 1832, see comments below)
Price Richard, farrier, grocer (Martha PRICE b 20 Jan 1805 Pensford, chr 3 Mar 1805 Publow Wesleyan Methodist Chapel, Pensford d/o Joseph PRICE/Elizabeth of Publow Parish)
Saunders Jesse, carpenter archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com/th/read/Bristol_and_Somers…
Smlth Alfred, vict, Travellers’ Rest Pensford Hill. thisismyfamilyhistory.com/getperson.php?personID=P220&…
Thompson William, farmer www.bittonfamilies.com/DescendThompsonJohn1686.html
Towill Thomas, vict, Rising Sun foot of Pensford Viaduct. (Thomas Towill/Towell born 1847 at Hinton Charterhouse was a Brewer at the age of 14 in 1861 at the Bell Inn Radstock, see comments below)
Windmill John. www.mdfamilyhistory.co.uk/getperson.php?personID=I8509&am…
Winter A, farmer. (Abraham Winter born 1802 Norton Malreward died 1888. Married Harriet Derrick in 1829 born 1804 died 1867. Farmed Pinns Farm Publow/Woollard. see comments below)
Wookey Joseph, farmer of Publow (wife Ann B. nee Machin) familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/b/r/o/Mandy-L-Broadbe…
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